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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Chulin 59


(a) What does Rav Yehudah say about someone who eats three measures of Chiltis on an empty stomach?

(b) Rebbi Avahu claimed that this is almost what happened to him after eating one measure.
Why did he quote the Pasuk in Koheles "ve'ha'Chochmah Techayeh Ba'alehah"?

(c) What does Rav Yosef say about someone who eats sixteen eggs, four nuts, seven grains of a caper bush and then drinks a Revi'is of honey, all on empty stomach, in mid-summer?

(a) What did Rav rule regarding the deer that arrived in the Resh Galusa's house with its hind legs almost completely severed?

(b) What did he intend to do with it?

(c) On what ground did Shmuel query Rav's ruling?

(d) What did he suggest that Rav does with the deer to examine it? What happened when Rav did that?

(e) How did Rav respond, when Shmuel applied to Rav the Pasuk in Mishlei "Lo Ye'uneh la'Tzadik Kol Aven"? Which Pasuk in Daniel did he quote?

(a) What distinction does our Mishnah draw between the signs of Beheimos and Chayos on the one hand, and those of birds on the other?

(b) Which is the one sign that proves that a bird is Tamei (not Kasher)?

(c) Every bird with an extra claw and a crop plus one other sign, is Tahor. What is the third sign?

(d) Where is the extra claw situated?

(e) What second single sign, according to Rebbi Elazar b'Rebbi Tzadok, determines that a bird is Tamei?

(a) Kasher locusts possess four signs. They must have four legs, four wings and jumping legs.
What is the fourth sign?

(b) What does Rebbi Yossi add to this?

(c) Regarding a Kasher fish, the Tana Kama requires 'S'napir ve'Kaskeses'. What do these mean?

(d) What does Rebbi Yehudah say?

(a) The Beraisa gives the Simanim of a Beheimah. What does the Tana initially say about any animal that chews its cud?

(b) How do we answer the Kashya from a camel, which has chews its cud and has no upper teeth, yet it is Tamei?

(c) How do we nevertheless refute the initial version of the Beraisa from ...

  1. ... a young camel?
  2. ... a rabbit and a hare?
(d) What third Kashya do we ask on the rule cited by the Tana?
(a) How do we therefore amend the Beraisa, based this time on any animal that has no upper teeth?

(b) We cite Rav Chisda to explain why one cannot simply examine the animal's hooves.
What does Rav Chisda say about someone who is traveling in a desert?

(c) Under what condition can we rely on this Bedikah? What might be the snag?

(d) How do we know that there is not another Tamei species that chews its cud and has no upper teeth?

(a) What does Tana de'bei Rebbi Yishmael learn from the Pasuk in Shemini "ve'es ha'Gamal ki Ma'aleh Geirah *Hu*"?

(b) What does Rav Chisda also say about someone who is traveling in a desert and comes across an animal whose mouth is cut off? How will he know whether it is Kasher or not?

(c) What would he have to be wary of? Which Tamei animal might it be?

(d) To answer the Kashya that perhaps it is another species of Tamei animal whose hooves are fully cloven, we cite Tana de'bei Rebbi Yishmael.
What does Tana de'bei Rebbi Yishmael learn from the Pasuk in Shemini "ve'es ha'Chazir ki Mafris Parsah *Hu*"?

(a) What does Rav Chisda say further about someone traveling in the desert who comes across an animal whose feet and mouth have both been cut off?

(b) Whereabouts on the body would he have to search?

(c) He would however, have to be wary of the fact that it might be an Arod.
What is an Arod?

(d) How do we know that it might not be another species of Tamei animal?

Answers to questions



(a) The Beraisa gives the Simanim of a Chayah.
Why does this not appear to be necessary?

(b) Why does the Tana nevertheless see fit to do so?

(c) What are the two basic Simanim of a Chayah?

(d) Which one would suffice on its own, according to Rebbi Dosa?

(e) What does he also say about a Chayah called 'Keresh'?

(a) To answer the Kashya from ...
  1. ... a goat, whose hooves are long too, we also require the horns to be 'Keruchos'.
    What does this mean?
  2. ... an ox, whose horns are layered too, we also require them to be 'Charukos'.
    What does this mean?
  3. ... a goat, whose horns are notched as well, we also require them to be 'Mefutzolos'.
    What does that mean?
  4. ... an ibex (a wild goat) whose horns are not forked, we add 'Chaduros' to the list of requirements.
    What is 'Chaduros'?
(b) Why do we reject the wording 'Haduros' (Maharshal) which means round?

(c) Why is the third Kashya ('ve'Harei Eiz de'Charukos') not really a Kashya? How could we have answered it?

(d) We qualify the Siman of 'notched'.
What is its new definition?

(a) Consequently, there are two sets of Simanim by which (besides long hooves), one can identify a Chayah by its horns.
Which single Siman will suffice?

(b) What is the alternative set?

(a) What is the problem concerning the species 'Iza Karkoz', whose horns are pointed?

(b) When the Resh Galusa's household obtained a basket-full of Cheilev from am Iza Karkoz, Rav Acha'i forbade it.
What did Rebbi Shmuel b'rei de'Rebbi Avahu do?

(c) What did he mean by quoting the Pasuk in Mishlei "mi'Pri Pi Ish Tisba Bitni"? How did that justify what he did?

(d) We conclude that the Halachah is like Rebbi Shmuel b'rei de'Rebbi Avahu.
What do we add to this ruling?

(a) Rav Yehudah describes the Keresh (possibly a one-horned deer or a giraffe) as the deer of 'Bei Ila'i' forest.
How does he describe a 'Tigris'?

(b) According to Rav Yosef, the distance between one Una of a Tigris' lung and the next is nine Amos.
What is the total length (or the length of the skin) of the Keresh?

(c) What did the Emperor of Rome ask Rebbi Yehoshua concerning the Pasuk in Amos, which compares Hashem to a roaring lion?

(d) What did the latter reply?

(a) What did Rebbi Yehoshua do when the Emperor insisted that he shows him the Aryeh de'bei Ila'i?

(b) What happened when the beast roared at a distance of ...

  1. ... four hundred Parsah?
  2. ... three hundred Parsah?
(c) What was the Emperor's reaction to that? What happened next?
Answers to questions

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