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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Chulin 65


(a) What does Raban Gamliel in a Bereisa say about a bird which is Doreis?

(b) What does he mean when he goes on to say that a bird which has an extra claw, a crop and whose Kurkevan is easy to peel is Tahor?

(c) According to Rebbi Elazar b'Rebbi Tzadok, in the latter case one still needs to put the matter to the test (to ensure that the bird is indeed not Doreis).
How does one do this using a taught rope?

(a) What does Rebbi Shimon ben Elazar say about a bird that catches food that one throws it from the air in its mouth?

(b) How does Abaye explain the fact that a Tahor bird called Tzipr'sa does this too?

(c) Initially, we connect Acherim, according to whom we can tell the status of a bird from the birds with which it nests, with Rebbi Eliezer (whom we already cited earlier).
What does Rebbi Eliezer say?

(d) How do we nevertheless reconcile Acherim with the Chachamim? What additional specification does he require, to render the bird Tamei?

(a) We learned in our Mishnah that the wings of a Kasher locust must cover the majority of its body. Rav explains this to mean the majority of its length.
What else might it mean?

(b) What does Rav Papa therefore rule?

(c) What does Rebbi Eliezer b'Rebbi Yossi in another Beraisa, (in support of the Tana Kama) learn from the Pasuk in Shemini (in connection with the locusts) "Asher Lo Kera'ayim mi'Ma'al le'Raglav"? What is significant about the way "Lo" is written?

(d) Abaye translates 'Zachal' as 'Iskarin'.
What did the Beraisa say about 'Zachal'?

(a) The Pasuk in Shemini (in connection with the locusts) names four kinds of Kasher locusts (Arbeh [Guvai, in Aramaic], Sal'am [Rishon], Chargol [Nipul] and Chagav [Gadi'an]).
Which word does the Torah add by each one?

(b) The first Beraisa includes an additional species from each "le'Miyno/le'Miyneihu" (Tzipores Keramim from that of Arbeh, Yuchna Yerushalmis from that of Sal'am, Artzuvya from that of Chargol and Harzavnis from that of Chagav).
What do

  1. ... Sal'am and Yuchna Yerushalmis have that Arbeh and Tzipores Keramim do not?
  2. ... Chargol and Artzuvya have that the precious two sets do not?
(c) How do Chagav and Harzavnis differ from the previous three sets?

(d) The four specified sets of locusts differ in the way that we just described.
What do they all have in common?

Answers to questions



(a) Tana de'Bei Rebbi Yishmael too, learns something from each of the subsequent species mentioned by the Torah. Bearing in mind that the Torah has already taught us the Heter to eat ...
  1. ... Arbeh and (from "le'Miyno") Tzipores Keramim, what does he learn from "le'Miyneihu" of Sol'am?
  2. ... Arbeh and Sol'am, what does he learn from "le'Miyneihu" of Chargol?
  3. ... the three previous pairs, what does he learn from "le'Miyneihu" of Chagav?
(b) What does Tana de'Bei Rebbi Yishmael mean when says 'Eilu K'lalei K'lalos ve'Eilu P'ratei P'ratos'?

(c) In which point is he coming to argue with the first Beraisa?

(a) Using which of his own thirteen principles does Rebbi Yishmael (based on the Pasuk "Asher Lo Kera'ayim Tocheilu ... Arbeh (plus the other three) ... le'Miyno (and le'Miyneihu)", learn the above from there?

(b) What is the common demoninator that connects them all?

(c) Finally, what does Tana de'Bei Rebbi Yishmael learn from ...

  1. ... "Chagav"?
  2. ... "le'Miyneihu" (both of which are otherwise superfluous)?
(a) What Pircha does Rav Acha'i now ask on the 'K'lal u'P'rat u'K'lal'?

(b) On what grounds do we suggest that perhaps according to Tana de'Bei Rebbi Yishmael, it will suffice for the Limud to resemble the P'rat in some regards (even if it does not resemble them in all regards)?

(c) We counter this with 'I Hachi, Chargol Nami de'Shavi Lehu, Lo Lichtov ... '.
What do we mean by that?

(d) So what does this prove?

(a) Rav Acha'i therefore explains that in fact, Sol'am is superfluous too. How is that?

(b) So why does the Torah mention 'Sol'am?

(c) How do we learn it from there, seeing as a Sol'am does not have a long head?

Answers to questions

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