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Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Chulin 132


(a) According to Tana de'Bei Rebbi Yishmael, "Kohen" does not include Kohenes, but he learns 'Sasum min ha'Meforash'.
What does this mean?

(b) Rebbi Eliezer ben Ya'akov holds that on principle, "Kohen" precludes Kohenes, but Matanos is different, because the Torah writes "Kohen" twice ("ve'Zeh Yih'yeh Mishpat ha'Kohanim ... " and "Ve'nasan la'Kohen").
What does he learn from there?

(c) What do we mean when we say that Rav Kahana, Rav Papa and Rav Idi bar Avin all ate Matanos because of their wives? Why did Rav Kahana not eat Matanos in his own right?

(a) We already cited Mereimar, who ruled like Rav Chisda and like Rav. According to Ravina, he also ruled like Ula and like Rav Ada bar Ahavah.
Which ruling of Ula is he referring to?

(b) What did Rav Ada bar Ahavah say about a Leviyah who gives birth to a Bechor?

(c) This is the opinion of Mar b'rei de'Rav Yosef in Rav Ada bar Ahavah. How does Rav Papa interpret the latter? In which case does the firstborn son of a Leviyah require Pidyon?

(a) According to the Tana Kama in a Beraisa (which we already discussed in 'Oso ve'es B'no'), an animal that is Kil'ayim or a Coy is subject to Matanos.
What is the difference between the two?

(b) What does Rebbi Eliezer say?

(c) We already established in 'Oso ve'es B'no' that Rebbi Eliezer and the Chachamim must be arguing by a T'zvi that came on a she-goat. Why is that? What would the Din be in the reverse case?

(d) Assuming that both Tana'im are in doubt whether 'Chosheshin le'Zera ha'Av' (we contend with the seed of the father), what is then the basis of their Machlokes?

(a) What problem do we now have with the Rabbanan's ruling?

(b) How does Rav Huna bar Chiya solve it?

(c) We query the Rabbanan further from another Beraisa, which gives a Coy all the Chumros of both a Beheimah and a Chayah. It is both like a Beheimah and a Chayah in that its blood and its Gid ha'Nasheh are forbidden.
In what way is it compared to ...

  1. ... a Beheimah, according to everybody?
  2. ... a Chayah?
(d) The Chachamim add that it is also subject to Matanos like a Beheimah. What does Rebbi Eliezer say?
(a) According to what we just learned, we ask, the Rabbanan ought to have said 'Chayav be'Chatzi Matanos'.
What do we answer?

(b) Why could the Chachamim not say 'Chayav Chatzi ... ' with regard to Cheilev or Dam?

(a) What did Ravin in the name of Rebbi Yochanan say about a Coy, when he arrived from Eretz Yisrael?

(b) And he based this on a Beraisa.
What does the Tana learn from the Pasuk in Shoftim (in connection with Matanos) ...

  1. ... "Im Shor"?
  2. ... "Im Seh"?
(c) What does Rebbi Eliezer then learn from "Im Seh"?

(d) The Rabbanan learn 'Lechalek' from "me'es Zovchei ha'Zevach". Rebbi Eliezer learns Rava's ruling from there.
What is Rava's ruling?

(a) Our Mishnah discusses a Bechor that gets mixed up among a hundred animals.
Under which circumstances does the Tana exempt them all from Matanos?

(b) What will be the Din if one person Shechts them all?

(c) What distinction does the Tana draws between someone who merely Shechts on behalf of a Kohen or a Nochri and someone who is a partner with either of them?

(d) We already discussed the difference between someone who asks to purchase the innards of a cow containing the Matanos and someone who purchases it by weight.
What is the difference between them?

(a) What is the problem with the ruling in our Mishnah, exempting all the animals from Matanos (because each one can say that his animal is the Bechor)?

(b) How does Rav Oshaya establish the Mishnah?

Answers to questions



(a) Our Mishnah exempts someone who Shechts on behalf of a Kohen or a Nochri from Matanos.
What does Rava extrapolate from the fact that the Tana does not simply exempt a Kohen and a Nochri from Matanos?

(b) And what does Rava learn from the Pasuk ...

  1. ... "me'es ha'Am"
  2. ... "me'es Zovchei ha'Zevach"?
(c) The inn-keeper of Rebbi Tivla was a Kohen who was struggling to make a Parnasah.
What did Rebbi Tivla advise him to do?
(a) What did Rav Nachman instruct the Yisrael who subsequently entered into a partnership with the inn-keeper to do?

(b) What did he reply, when the latter quoted Rebbi Tivla, who told that he would be Patur?

(c) He based his ruling on a ruling of Rebbi Yehoshua ben Levi and the Ziknei Darom.
What did they say about a Kohen Shechting without having to give Matanos?

(d) And what did Rav Nachman reply, when Rebbi Tivla asked Rav Nachman why he did not even grant the Shochet the concessions of Rebbi Acha bar Chanina (who quoted Rebbi Yehoshua ben Levi)? What made this case worse?

(a) What did Rabah Rav Shilo mean when he said that the Shochtim of Hutzal had been transgressing the Shamta (Cherem) of Rav Chisda for twenty-two years? Which Shamta?

(b) What distinction does the Beraisa draw between someone who transgresses a La'av, and one who refuses to perform an Asei (see Rashi, Kesuvos 96a)?

(c) Consequently, by mentioning the time period, Rabah bar Shiloh could not have meant to say that since such a long time had elapsed since they began to transgress, it is too late to enact the Shamta.
What then is the relevance of the time period?

(d) What did Rava and Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak used to do to someone who refused to give Matanos?

(a) According to Rav Chisda, one gives the Zero'a (the right fore-leg) to one Kohen and the Lechayayim (the cheeks) to another.
What does he say about the Keivah?

(b) Why the difference?

(c) How do we reconcile this with Rav Yitzchak bar Yosef, who came from Eretz Yisrael and testified that he was accustomed to distributing the Matanos to the Kohanim, bone by bone?

(d) Rabah bar bar Chanah Amar Rebbi Yochanan forbids eating from an animal before the Matanos have been separated.
What does he add to that we reject?

(a) The Pasuk in Korach (in connection with Matnos Kehunah) writes "le'Mashchah".
What does this mean?

(b) What practical Halachah does Rav Chisda learn from there?

(c) What does Rav Chisda also say about a Kohen who is not an expert in the twenty-four Matnos Kehunah ?

(d) We reject this however, in view of a statement of Rebbi Shimon in a Beraisa.
What must a Kohen do, according to Rebbi Shimon, to forfeit his rights to a portion of Matnos Kehunah?

(a) To which Avodah does the Pasuk in Tzav "ha'Makriv es Dam ha'Shelamim ... Lo Sih'yeh Shok ha'Yamin le'Manah"?

(b) How many other Avodos does the Tana list?

(c) To which kind of Korbanos do 'Yetzikos, Belilos, Pesisos, Melichos, Tenufos and Hagashos all pertain?

(d) What does Pesisos mean? Which Menachos required Pesisah?

(a) The Tana also includes 'Melikos, Kabalos and Haza'os'.
What does 'Haza'os' incorporate?

(b) Why does the Tana not include Shechitah in the list?

(c) After the Avodos ha'Korbanos, the Tana adds Hashka'as Sotah, Taharas Metzora and Nesi'as Kapayim mi'bi'Fenim.
Which two Avodos does the Tana insert that are not performed in the Beis-Hamikdash?

(d) What does the Tana learn from "mi'B'nei Aharon"?

(e) What is the Beraisa's final statement? What do we extrapolate from it?

Answers to questions

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